According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “Flu at dogs contagious respiratory disease caused by a specific Type A influenza virus referred to as” dog flu virus. “This is a disease of dogs, people do not get sick. The virus first appeared at horses, and then mutated into a form that is contagious to dogs. Dog flu virus is not associated with swine or avian flu, which in recent years have been in the limelight.
Grip dogs was first discovered as a cause of respiratory infection in a group of greyhounds racing in 2004 and since then has continued to expand, primarily in dogs who are in close contact, usually in kennels and shelters for dogs. Symptoms are similar to, but sometimes more intense than the “infectious cough” that causes Bordetella. They include fever, dry nonproductive cough, loss of appetite, intolerance to physical activity and lethargy. For dogs with pre-existing heart or lung disease, influenza can be fatal due to the development of secondary bacterial pneumonia, the most serious consequences of this disease.
Overall, the mortality rate from influenza dogs is very low (less than 1%). Although the disease is highly contagious, about half of dogs can be positive for the flu virus without manifesting clinical symptoms. Despite this good prognosis, it is recommended that all dogs that exhibit clinical symptoms receive supportive therapy.
Secondary bacterial infection can progress rapidly and cause very high fever, shock and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (bleeding disorder in which the clotting ability is broken, so the pet can bleed). These severe symptoms is easily avoided by using therapy at the onset of the disease. Specific treatments for complicated cases of influenza include the implementation of an intravenous infusion to compensate for fluid and electrolytes, diuretics (drugs that help eliminate accumulation of fluid in the lungs) and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Before you can develop complications usually sufficient just cough medicines that reduce inflammation of the windpipe which could lead to a secondary bacterial infection. The veterinarian will assess that after reviewing treatment what is best for your pet.