Owners often have questions about various aspects of surgery for their pet and we hope that the information received from this text will be useful. Also, we will explain to you what decisions you should make before you take your dog to surgery.
Is anesthesia safe?
Today, anesthesia allows the surgery to be much safer than it was in the past. In the clinic, it will be done detailed clinical examination of your pet before the application of an anesthetic, to make sure that higher temperature or other illness will not be a problem.
Before surgery it is important to do a blood test to reduce the risk of anesthesia. This analysis is recommended to make sure that the liver and kidneys can handle the anesthesia. Even apparently healthy animals can have serious problems that with out blood tests can not be detect. If there is a problem, it is much better to discover that before cause complications during anesthesia or surgery.
During most of the anesthetic procedures dogs receive intravenous infusion. This is an important process that allows animals throughout the intervention to get enough fluid, and in this way secured and fast access to the vein in emergency situations, when it is necessary to quickly give medicine.
If the blood test determines that there is a serious problem, surgery can be postponed until the problem is resolved. For older or sick pets may is better before the intervention is necessary to do be done additional blood tests, an electrocardiogram (EKG) or X-rays. It is important that the surgical procedure to be done always on an empty stomach so to be reduce the risk of vomiting during and after anesthesia. To achieve this, you should withhold food from your dog for at least 8 to 12 hours before the procedure.
Will my pet have stitches?
For some operations, can be used decompose threads, which will be degraded by themselves and they do not need to be removed later. Some operations, like removal of tumors, require a different type of thread, so they have to be removed later. For both types of strings it is important to watch how the cut looks like and whether there was a swelling or discharge. Frequently dogs and cats do not lick and chew too much confusion, but sometimes this can be a problem, so they need more attention. If you have not used decompose sutures there will be need they to be removed in 10 to 14 days after surgery. You should limit physical activity of your pet during the first 10 days after the intervention, in this period you should not bathe them.
Will my pet feel pain?
Everything, that causes pain in humans causes pain in dogs. Pets might not show pain the same way as humans, they usually do not complain or cry, but you can be sure that they feel the same. Painkillers which will be required will depend on the type of the surgical intervention. Using painkillers (analgesics) for each surgical intervention is to reduce patient discomfort and to speed up his recovery. This may include postoperative injection which will make your dog comfortable to walking, and to sleep at home.
When the vet think that it is necessary, the dog will get medication for the next few days. Serious surgeries usually require a longer application of analgesics. For dogs is recommend an oral anti-inflammatory drugs, which you can apply for several days after surgery to reduce discomfort and swelling. The cost of drugs will depend of the weight of your dog.
What else do you have to know before you get your dog to surgery?
While your pet is on anesthesia, it is an ideal opportunity to perform other minor procedures, such as removing tartar from the teeth, ear cleaning, or putting microchip. If you want to do some of this procedure consult your vet before surgery. This is very important especially if somebody else brings your pet to the surgery.