The role of the kidney is to filtered blood, cleaning of the waste products, toxins and other substances. They maintain the correct balance between water and electrolytes, they help in regulation of blood pressure and maintain of pH level. If the functional tissue of the kidney is damaged and can’t properly filter the blood, then the toxins in the body lead to a condition known as azotemia.
Acute distress in the work of the kidney (ARF) is kidney damage which occurred suddenly. It is usually cause by poisoning or decreased blood flow. Poisons that can cause ARF are ethylene glycol (antifreeze), hard metals like zinc and lead, large doses of certain antibiotics, acetaminophen and drugs used for chemotherapy. Inadequate blood flow can cause shock, bleeding, low blood pressure or dehydration. Infective diseases such as leptospirosis can also cause ARF.
Signs of acute kidney disorder are not very visible. There may be a loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea or dehydration. Some dogs with ARF heavier wet, others stop to do that. Information’s about these changes are the best way to notice ARF. After your vet suspect of kidney disease, it is necessary to be done blood tests and urine to determine the contributor and to assess the condition.
Dog with ARF is applied infusion intravenous. It is also used drugs that improve blood pH and the balance of electrolytes in order to reduce the symptoms of. Specifically, the main cause for the treatment of kidney damage is applied when the cause is known. Treatment can be applied to the kidney tissue, which is just damaged. But parts of the kidney that were destroyed will recover, but healthy tissue has to work harder to compensate for the shortcomings.
Pet owners can do several things to reduce the possibility of the occurrence of ARF. Keep antifreeze away from pets, and if you clean up spills immediately. Follow the instructions for dosage of medications and never give your pet a medicine that is for the people before you consult with your veterinarian. Ensure that pets, especially the elderly, still have access to fresh water.
Chronic disorder of the kidneys (CRF) usually occurs in pets older than eight years. CRF occurs when the functional structure of the kidney is depleted. Damage occurs gradually, and it may be months and years before the first symptoms. During this period may be destroyed as much as 75% of the kidney tissue.
As with ARF, symptoms and there may be non-specific. Early symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and sores in the mouth. As the disease progresses, the animals drink more water, more wet and it may be wet in the house or outside the place provided for that purpose. At the end, the level of toxins is increased, the ratio of disrupted electrolytes which may damage the nervous system and the eye, cause seizures, coma and blindness. Many animals with CRF become anemic because the kidneys are responsible for the stimulation of production of new blood cells. The vet will do blood tests and urine tests to confirm the diagnosis of CRF and assess the severity of symptoms.
CRF is a progressive, irreversible disease. Treatment is aimed at slowing down further damage to kidney tissue and reduce symptoms. Nutrition for pets with CRF usually contain limited amounts of high quality protein and low levels of minerals. Many pets need occasional administered subcutaneous or intravenous infusion. Drugs are administered in order to prevent nausea, correct the pH and the ratio of the electrolyte, controlling hypertension and to stimulate the production of blood cells.
Regardless of the type of treatment, the goal is to maintain the quality of life of the pet. When it is no longer possible, you should consider euthanasia.
Chronic kidney failure can not be prevented. Although there is a view that food has low protein levels may be protective for the kidneys of healthy animals, scientific studies have not confirmed this.